Saturday, January 21, 2023

Top Horse Facilities In 1977

 St. Tammany Parish being horse country was increasingly well-known in the 1970's, so much so that the local newspapers were writing articles naming the top stallions. 

A map of major horse breeding facilities in 1977

Click on the images to make them larger and more readable. 

See also:

Horse Farm Maps From Years Ago

Native Plants Discussed

 Several dozen people turned out Saturday morning for a talk on the native plants of Louisiana and how to use them in local gardens. Speakers were Tammany Baumgarten, president of the Louisiana Native Plant Society, and Tracey and Dave Banowetz. 

Tracey Banowetz is the former executive director of the LSU Hilltop Arboretum, a former president of the Louisiana Native Plant Society, and a member of the Master Gardeners of East Baton Rouge Parish and the Feliciana Nature Society. Dave Banowetz served on the advisory committee of the Louisiana chapter of the Nature Conservancy for the Baton Rouge area. 

The event took place in Bogue Falaya Hall in the rear of Covington City Hall. It was sponsored by the Keep Covington Beautiful group.

The speakers Tammany Baumgarten, Tracey and Dave Banowetz

Click on the images to make them larger. 

 A poster was on display at the event to show the many activities of the Keep Covington Beautiful organization.  

Keep Covington Beautiful is a resident-led organization formed in October 2008 to improve the quality of life in Covington, increase property values, improve aesthetics, reduce clean up costs, and increase civic involvement. Its mission includes efforts in beautification, education, and prevention of litter. It is an Affiliate of Keep America Beautiful. 

The group was derived from a group called the Covington Gardens Partnership, which was a non-profit organization formed in the early 1990's. 

The group seeks to continue the tradition of building garden partnerships to beautify the city as well as sponsor volunteer-based beautification, litter prevention, recycling and educational activities and events, such as the native plants presentation.

It hopes to engage all citizens in every aspect of keeping Covington clean and beautiful, encouraging  individuals to take greater responsibility for improving their community. A number of projects have been initiated to support those goals. They include Arbor Day Celebrations; Tree Planting and Tree Care; Tree City USA designations, the Blue Swamp Creek Nature Trail, the Bogue Falaya River Sweep, the care and maintenance of the downtown planters and Garden Partnerships.

Other endeavors include event recycling, education and Conservation Programs and educational Meetings and Special Events.

Priscilla Floca, director of Keep Covington Beautiful, said her organization continues to have a lot of community support as well as support from the city, and as a result much has been accomplished in the past several years. With 35 active members and quite a few special event volunteers, the group has a number of on-going projects, one of which is to help provide information on the care of the over 700 live oaks in the city. In addition to that, there is the Blue Swamp Creek Nature Trail at the city's recreational complex. 

While the nature trail has been a favorite walking path, it is currently in the "restoration phase" from the damage caused by Hurricane Ida, she said. 

For more information:

Thursday, January 19, 2023

Folsom's First Parade

 Excitement ran high when The Village of Folsom decided to hold its first Mardi Gras parade in 1977 some 46 years ago. The afternoon event provided many with the last chance to see a parade that year.

Click on the image to make it larger. 

Tuesday, January 17, 2023

Lucile Rutland, Nationally-known Writer and Poet

The literary world was shocked in 1938 when one of its favorite writers died, a Covington resident by the name of Lucile Rutland. She was well-known for her poems, plays, essays and editorials that were published widely. She was friends with famous poets, songwriters, and Clara Barton, founder of the Red Cross. Miss Rutland was a longtime resident of Covington.

Text from the above article:


Miss Lucile Rutland, contributor of poetry, essays and editorials to  many publications including The Picayune and the New Orleans States, died Sunday morning at her home in Covington after an illness of several years, according to information received here. She was 71 years old.

Widely- known among literary figures of the United States, she wrote for numerous magazines and  newspapers. She included among  her acquaintances Edwin Markham, the poet; Clara Barton, founder of the Red Cross and Harriet Ware, who dedicated several songs to her.

Born in Colfax, Miss Rutland was the daughter of the late Judge William Robert Rutland and Caroline Carter Rutland. The family lived for a number of years in Baton Rouge.

Contributed To Column

Educated at Judson College, she began her writing career as a young woman. She was a frequent contributor more than 25 years ago to a weekly poetry and essay column conducted by The Times Picayune.
Inheriting an interest in politics from her father, she also wrote editorials for New Orleans newspapers on political subjects. Until a decade ago she wrote a weekly editorial of a religious nature for the New Orleans States.

Kept Covington Home 

Her friends In New Orleans, where she lived at intervals during the past 10  or 12 years, included many in literary and university circles. Her residence in Covington had been maintained for more than 30 years. During the last period that she lived in New Orleans, about 10 years ago, she was hostess at the St. Charles Hotel.

Click on the articles to make them larger and more readable.

Her poems were published in local newspapers

In 1899 she published a four-act play about Lafitte

In 1906, she published a one-act play called "Light O Love," which has been deemed a classic and has been reprinted several times. 

Her poems were printed in newspapers across the country
This one is from the Arizona Republican, June 6, 1911

Other well-known writers and artists visited her often. 
Click on the images to make them larger.

Her poems often appeared in Lippincott's Magazine

In 1915 she was involved in the local Suffrage movement

She worked for a while for the Baton Rouge Advocate as well
as for the "prominent Sunday edition" of a Boston newspaper

Her poems appeared everywhere and were often reprinted

A Lucile Rutland short story that appeared in a San Francisco newspaper

Not only was she an author and a poet, but she put her scientific mind to the chemical make up of paper and came up with an interesting alternative way of making it. Sometimes we take paper for granted, but today's paper is the result of years of experimentation. 

Miss Rutland was commended  for formulating a new kind of paper, one that excelled in the properties that people need paper to possess. That paper was made from water hyacinth.

Her recipe for paper impressed a lot of people, especially since it used water hyacinth. That plant grows faster than pine pulpwood, thus enabling it to replenish faster than pine forests cut down for paper. Dr. W. L. Stevenson noted her accomplishment in a letter to the St. Tammany Farmer in 1938. 

Samples of her poetry


Friday, January 13, 2023

New Restaurant Next To Star

 The Tavi Restaurant in the 300 block of North New Hampshire St. in Covington has opened. It is located between the Star Theater and the old courthouse. An attorney's office and barber shop used to occupy the building, but it was recently extensively renovated. 

According to their website: "Tavi is an Israeli restaurant serving made-to-order pita from a wood-fired oven, elaborately finished hummus plates, and small and large plates drawing from the same modern Israeli inspiration as its sister restaurant, Shaya. The name Tavi is inspired by the Hebrew word meaning “good or beloved” and that’s what Tavi aims to deliver to the Covington community. Executive Chef Fariz Choumali leads the kitchen and brings his Lebanese Roots to life through staples from the Shaya menu plus new dishes. The menu will highlight an array of small plates, hummus, sandwiches, and slow-roasted meats."

Here are some photographs and the menu. 

The Tavi Restaurant

Click on the images to make them larger. 

See also:

Wednesday, January 11, 2023

Sanders Writes Special Apollo/Saturn V Book

 Many St. Tammany residents were involved in the engineering and building of the rockets and other hardware used in the Apollo-Saturn V moon program. Their hard work and technical expertise helped make it possible.

One of the ways we know this is because of a book written by Herbert C. Sanders, a Boeing Company employee. He put together not just any book, but one heck of a book, a book that was specially printed and bound, and then delivered to the nation's tops archives and libraries for eternal preservation. It was distributed as a limited edition of  only 1,817 copies. Here is the story of that book, and the people who brought it all together. 

From the St. Tammany Farmer newspaper, May 6, 1971:

Click on the above picture to make it larger. 

Local Man Compiles History of Apollo/Saturn V For Posterity

Herbert C. Sanders, Tchefuncta Club Estates resident and motivational manager for The Boeing Company, presented an unusual book to the nation's archives recently. The book, "The Apollo-Saturn V Roll of Honor," is a history of the company's role in making the moon landing possible and it honors over 5,000 employees' whose workmanship made significant contributions toward that goal.

Many of the employees are residents of St. Tammany and surrounding parishes who, due to this book, will now always be remembered in history.

Special presentation copies were received by the Smithsonian Institution, the Library of Congress and The Kress Library at Harvard University, and by Gov. Askew of Florida and his cabinet.

History As It Happened

The book was conceived by Sanders almost four years ago and was compiled under his direction. There are two unusual features in The Apollo-Saturn V Roll of Honor which, as far as is known, have not been done before in combination. First, history is normally written long after the event and by those disassociated with it. In this case, a history was written at the time and by those directly involved.

Second, those few privileged to have had a leading role in an event are given a place in history while the rank and file are forgotten. Not so here.--The job assignment itself was of no concern in selecting names to be entered into the volume. 

Because of this the book is of particular interest to the Kress Library at Harvard, which is a collection of rare books dedicated to the preservation of manuscripts pertaining to the history of business and development of economic theory throughout the ages. This is one of three such collections in the world. The Library of Congress will also keep its copy in the rare book selection.

The presentation to Gov. Askew and his Cabinet took place March 9. The State of Florida plans to build a monument commemorating the moon flights and "The Apollo-Saturn V Roll of Honor" encased in an inconel metal shell will be placed within it so that years from now, it can be known how this momentous step was 
Inconel is a rare and highly non-corrosive metal provided by Huntington Alloys, a division of International Nickel. Until completion of the monument, the book will be on display in the capitol building at Tallahassee.

Special Long-lasting Paper Used

With this in mind, the Cotton Fiber Manufacturers created a special paper which will last 1,000 years and all presentation copies of the book are printed on it.

The morning of April 14, Sanders had the pleasure. of presenting his book to the former astronaut and long standing acquaintance, Mike Collins. Collins was one of the three man crew of Apollo 11 which made the first moon landing. He was recently appointed director of The Smithsonian Air and Space Museum.

The Library of Congress received their special presentation copy from Sanders April 14 in the Woodrow Wilson Room. The following day he flew to Cambridge, Mass. to take part in the ceremony in the Baker Library at Harvard.

The book is not for public sale, but copies are being presented to the states of Texas, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, The City of New Orleans, and to selected dignitaries. Requests for copies have come from such unlikely places as Nigeria.

In his presentation speech, Sanders gave as his purpose for writing the book, " give earned recognition to outstanding Boeing employees, employees who participated in the Apollo program. Considering the historical significance of the Apollo mission and knowing that men of many ages yet unborn will be fascinated by this daring adventure, no better recognition could be given to these employees than to make their names famous in the after ages."

In his speech he also expressed, "the sincere gratitude of The Boeing Company to the thousands of people whose names are here preserved, for they gave freely of their time, skills, and energy to make possible mankind's greatest expedition--that of sending three men to the moon and returning them safely to earth."

History's Focus

He went on to say, "An examination of history points out the fact that immediately  after many great adventures, there was a period of relative calm. And then, many years later discovery or adventure was more thoroughly understood. This understanding paved the way for greater things. A period of inactivity in exploiting the achievements of Apollo may be starting now because it, too, is not fully understood. But time has a way of changing things, or, put another way, through time new truths are unveiled about a single event.

"There may be a considerable time lapse before the true meaning of Apollo is grasped by mankind. In this deteriorate, to be thrown away, lost or destroyed. To counter this tendency an effort was undertaken to document the significant contributions made by The Boeing Co. and the outstanding participants therein relative to the Apollo program. 

"These hallowed national archives are a most fitting place to preserve for future ages this story of a magnificent human endeavor."

Of special interest is the quality of material in the presentation copies. Sanders explained, "The content of the paper which makes up this book is unique. The
Cotton Fiber Paper Manufacturers created a paper produced from 100 per cent new rag cuttings with a minimum amount of chemical materials. In this respect, it is virtually identical with the handmade papers of olden times, which have endured for many centuries in such usages as the Gutenberg Bible, the first folio edition of Shakespeare, the drawings of master artists of the Rennaisance, and in an endless array of historic documents, public records and proclamations of state.

Local Bookbinders

These volumes were bound by the Salesian Brothers in New Orleans. The covering is of goat skin. The gold lettering was hand tooled. The emblems are Bodoni inlay-gold suspended in a clear enamel."

The Roll of Honor book contains over 340 pages 11 x 14 inches in size, approximately 900,000 words, and is divided into three sections.

Revealing the Organizational Complexity

Section I depicts the story of The Boeing Company contribution from an organizational point of view. This section is divided according to geographical
locations--New Orleans, Huntsville, Ala.; Houston, Tex.; Washington, D.C.; and Cape Kennedy, Fla. Each of these divisions contain many functional organizations which are divided into smaller elements. It would be very difficult for future generations to understand how all these constantly changing organizational elements worked together to create and launch such a large and powerful rocket were it not for this book.

Section II contains the names of over 5,000 employees with an individual description of their contribution, place of birth, social security number, and a reference to the organization depicted in Section I, of which he was a part.

Over 4,000 associate contractors through the United States supplied many vital parts and services necessary for The Boeing Company to meet its obligation. Of these, 282 have been honored in Section II.

Section III of the book is an alphabetized index or locater . This section is designed to enable the reader to quickly find an employee's name in Section II.

Photos Included

The book is filled with pictures covering most aspects of life and work as it existed during the time of Apollo's construction. Sanders, a native Southerner, was born and reared in Amite, where his is an old and well-known family name. He finished public schools there and attended Southeastern at Hammond a year before entering the University of Mississippi, where he received a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering.

He entered the US Army in 1941 as a second lieutenant 
and was honorably discharged in 1946 with rank of captain. He joined The Boeing Co. in Seattle, Wash. in 1954 and was transferred to the New Orleans operation in 1962, where he serves as motivation manager, heads the department on utilization of new technology and is chief of the cost reduction department.

End of Apollo Book article

The front cover of the book

Some inside pages

The distribution notation

Sanders gave community talks on the moonshot connections, including programs where tickets were sold to benefit the St. Tammany Humane Society

A Saturn V launch 

Sanders went on to provide a variety of surveying and civil engineering services

Herbert Carl Sanders died on Monday, May 16, 2011, at the age of 92 in Bellevue, WA.  According to his obituary, he was born and raised in Amite, LA, attained Eagle Scout as a teenager, graduated from Ole' Miss in 1941 with a degree in Engineering and many fond memories of playing in the band there. 

"A member of the ROTC, he went on to become a Captain in the US Army Quartermaster Gas Supply Company while serving in WWII. He spent many years in Washington State as an employee of the Boeing Company. While with the Boeing Company, he was instrumental in the Apollo/ Saturn V Roll of Honor. 

"As a Civil Engineer, Herb worked for the Port of New Orleans as well as having his own business as a land surveyor in Covington, LA where he lived in the Tchefuncta Club Estates. "

Monday, January 9, 2023

Native Americans of St. Tammany Parish

An interesting account of the various tribes of Native Americans found in early St. Tammany Parish was written up by Charlene Hayton Layburn many years ago. A newspaper clipping of it was recently found in the scrapbook of an older resident. Here is the text of that article. 

The Indians of St. Tammany Parish
By Charlene Hayton Layburn
"One night two men who were really friends, not enemies, were dancing and drinking with many others, when they suddenly began quarreling and fighting; finally one was killed by the other. 

The following day, after the murderer had recovered from the effects of the whisky, he realized what he had done, and knowing he would have to die, he went to the relatives of the murdered man and told them he was ready to meet his doom, but asked that he be allowed to remain with them about two weeks longer, as he did not want to miss a dance to be held within that time. 

To this they consented, and during the following days he was given many small presents, as pieces of ribbon, beads, and tobacco. He was treated by everyone, by old and young alike, with the greatest respect and kindness; all endeavored to make his last days enjoyable. At last came the event on account of which his life had been prolonged, and for three days and nights all sang and danced. 

The next day, just at noon, when the sun was directly overhead, was the time fixed for the execution. Shortly before that time his friends and relatives gathered at his house, where he joined them. All then proceeded to the cemetery, for the execution was to take place on the edge of the grave that he himself had helped to dig, in a spot he had selected. 

The murderer stood erect at one end of the grave, and with his own hands parted his shirt over his heart. Four of his male friends stood near with their hands on his shoulders and legs, to keep his body erect after death. His female relatives were on each side, and all were singing loudly. 

Soon he announced that he was ready. A relative of the murdered man advanced and pressing the muzzle of a rifle against the murderer's chest, fired."

This event, the last native execution according to tribal custom, was recorded in 1909 by David I. Bushnell Jr. in an interview with two Choctaw women of Bayou Lacombe. It happened on the outskirts of present day Abita Springs on the banks of the Abita River.

Who were the Indians living on the north shore of Lake Pontchartrain when DeSoto discovered the Mississippi, when Bienville founded New Orleans? According to the Louisiana State Historical Roadside Marker in downtown Abita Springs, they were Choctaw. But the Choctaw nation was broad and many tribes are closely related; such a tribe was the Acolapissa. In fact, so closely related were they that history can no longer distinguish between them and the Choctaw.

They belonged to the same language family as tribes of the Muskogean stock—
the Choctaw of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama and the Creek of Alabama, Georgia and Florida. Whether or not these people were Acolapissa, Creek or a small branch of the main Choctaw tribe cannot be determined.

 However, the names of many rivers and streams in St. Tammany Parish reflect this Choctaw heritage:

Bayou Castine: from the Choctaw "caste" or "fleas," named for the large number of fleas on its shores.

Chinchuba Creek: "chinchuba" meaning "alligator."

Chefuncte (Tchefuncte) River: "chefuncte" meaning "chinkapin" (a fish).

Pontchitoawa (Pontchitalawa) Creek: meaning "singing hair."

Bogue Falaya: "bogue" meaning "river" and "falaya" meaning "long."

Other areas known to have been inhabited by the Choctaw in this area include:

Cane Bayou: called "chela' ha" or "noisy." 

Bayou Lacombe: known as "butchu' wa" or "squeezing."

Of particular interest is the derivation of "abita." According to the Choctaw Indians living in the area at the turn of the century, it is not a Choctaw name, yet the Abita Springs area and the banks of the Abita River were home for several bands of the Indians in St. Tammany. 

The explanation of "abita" may also give a clue to the geneaology of the entire Indian population of the north shore. The Choctaw Indians reported the story of an old man who called himself Abeta and came from far away to make his home near the spring. 

The name Abeta suggests another Indian tribe, the Abihka of the Upper Creeks in Alabama; Abeta may have brought the Creek nation to mix with the Choctaw and-or Acolapissa.
 However, a brochure proclaiming the attributes of Abita Springs explains that the name does come from the Choctaw but with various spellings—Abita, Ibetab. 

Apparently, history has, for the time being, left no exact explanation. Since the last Indians living in the area, and many of the terms claim Choctaw derivation, one would be inclined to consider the Choctaw influence the most dominant.

The Choctaw Indians had various villages throughout the parish. Chinchuba Creek was very popular and a mound, bones representing those animals in the Indians' diet, fragments of pottery, a pipe, and several burials have been round along its shores.

The major tribe divisions in this area included:

Kash'pa ogla, or the Half People -- Living at Bayou Lacombe.

Shatje ogla, or Inc Crayfish People -- Twelve miles west of Bayou Lacombe near Chinchuba.

Inhulata ogla, or the Prairie People—Principal settlement, Hatcha, on the Pearl River; this was the largest and probably most important division in the region.

Other people living north of the shores of Lake Pontchartrain were:

Tula'iksa' ogla, or Fall-in-bunches people.

Chufaiksa' ogla, or Bunchies-of-flies people. 

Shunkwane ogla, or Ant people.

Hanna' la ogla, or Six people.

The homes were built either circular or rectangular of frames of small saplings with tops and sides of palmetto thatch. The circular houses were usually large and provided shelter for many persons and a single door opened to the south. The lodge was heated by a fire in the center whose smoke passed through an opening the roof directly over it.

The oldest male member of each "ogla" or subdivision of the tribe was the 
leader of that division. The leader or chief functioned much the way as has been pictured in the old west movies; he gave advice and led many ceremonies, such as marriage.

The Choctaw were a very honorable people and the political basis for their lives revolved around truth. Dealings with them demanded these rules of fairness be strictly followed; to lie or mislead them led to contempt and distrust. As demonstrated by their punishment for murder, one's duty was to accept an equal-for-equal exchange. 
Likewise, anything stolen had to be returned if the thief was discovered, or if the thief could not be located, his family was required to make an equal restitution of the property. Even in murder, should the murderer escape, another member of his family usually was executed in his place. 

To act in any way other than this honorable tradition was to be a coward and to be shunned by the village. The early settlers of this area respected the Choctaw for their ordered society, and they were recognized as peaceable and quiet people. It is said that this particular tribe never warred with the encroaching Americans.

The Choctaw of St. Tammany, like the majority of the Indians of North America, placed deep significance in nature. All their stories and legends were based on natural explanations, including the creation of the variety of Indian nations, the reason for good or bad children, the temptations and dangers of the forest, etc. 

One particularly interesting story explains the eclipse of the sun, "ache oklelega" ("sun dark or dirty"): The Choctaw believe that since the sun works very hard each day it becomes dirty and smoked from the great fire within. Therefore, it must sometimes rest and clean itself, which it does during an eclipse. Afterwards, the sun will shine even brighter.

The story of the "Okwa Naholo," "White People of the Water" is significant since "they" live in the Abita River . Again, David Bushnell in "The Choctaw of Bayou Lacombe, Louisiana" shares this piece of folklore: "The Okwa naholo dwell in deep pools in rivers and bayous. There is said to be such a place in the Abita River; the pool is clear and cold and it is easy to see far down into the depths, but the surrounding water of the river is dark and muddy. 

Many of the Ok-wa naholo live in this pool, which is known to all the Choctaw.
As their name signifies, the Okwa naholo resemble white people more than they do Choctaw; their skin is rather light in color, resembling the skin of a trout.

When the Choctaw swim in the Abita near the pool, the Okwa naholo attempt to seize them and to draw them down into the pool to their home, where they live and become Okwa naholo. 

After the third day their skin begins to change and soon resembles the skin of a trout. They learn to live, eat, and swim in the same way as fish.

Whenever the friends of a person who has become one of the Okwa naholo gather on the river bank near the pool and sing, he often rises to the surface and talks with them some of time even  joining in the singing.

But after living in the pool three days the newly made Okwa naholo cannot leave it for any length of time; if they should go out of the water they would die after the manner of fish, for they cannot live in the air."

History can be interesting; particularly when its memory is with us every day. One cannot mention "Bogue Falaya" "Chinchuba" or "Abita Springs" without a flashing remembrance of the Indians who gave the parish these colorful, musical names. 

History is alive and well and living in St. Tammany Parish.

Friday, January 6, 2023

Moise Family Portrait

In 1915 this photo was taken of the family of Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Moise. On the front row, from left to right, are Garland and Kenneth Moise, Leonard Moise, Mrs. Regina Mouton Moise and Compton Moise, who served as Sheriff of St. Tammany Parish between 1941 and 1948. On the top row from left are Sidney and Vaughn Moise, the former Miss Lucille Moise and Russell Moise. 

Moise Family Active in Community Activities